The different OBSALIM® tools
allow you to discover a unique and original method:
Diagnoses and dietary adjustments
based on the observation of cattle, sheep or goats.


OBSALIM : Method

A unique and original diagnostic and feed adjustment method based on the observation of cattle, sheep and goats: OBSALIM®.


For those who know how to read and interpret the signs displayed by farm animals, it becomes very easy to manage a herd profitably and without the occurrence of disease

The OBSALIM® method is the key to this. OBSALIM® will teach you to recognise and interpret a large number of symptoms in the animals that are closely and accurately related to the digestion of their ration. Based on observation of the eyes, hooves, skin, hide, dung, urine and other indicators, you can establish a precise diagnosis of the nutritional condition and needs of the animal.


All of the OBSALIM® data is factual and is an essential part of observation in the field. The herd continually provides us with physiological signals that are easy to recognise.


Samples of observation:

After the 2 observation steps on the herd in general, (see homogeneity and the cross of the hock)

E.g. the presence of yellow scabbing or crystals: excess of degradable nitrogen ingested too quickly.


To make an accurate OBSALIM® Diagnosis, at least three symptoms should be used.


Yellow crystals deposits on the inside corner of the eye : exces of soluble protein                      Yellow brown, greasy deposits in the middle of the strands of the woll, on sheep : temporary exces of protein.

For cattle: the eyes                                            or              for sheep: greasy deposits in the wool.


E.g. Licking and pHG Zone (area behind the shoulder) active: pH drop in rumen: acidosis peak after eating.


Reaction pHG area : acidosis after eating, organisation of fodd intake.   or   Reaction of the zone pHG : acidosis after eating, instability of the rumen pH after feeding.



For the complete method, see the notice included in the set of cards: click here or continue to read

to look to the différent areas and symptoms : click here, but don't forget the steps of the méthod to achieve a safe and succesful OBSALIM diagnosis



The 4 steps in the method:



OBSALIM Diagnosis

1. Herd approach

2. Orientation

3. Rumen stability

4  Management of feed intakes

Feeding adjustment

1. OBSALIM diagnosis

2. Examine the ration

3. Assess possible changes

4. Determine the best possible change

5. Validate the change


1/  Assess the homogeneity of the herd:  


    If there is too much variation in condition between the cows in the herd, the cows are not adapting to   


            their living conditions. There is possibly room for improvement in feeding.

2/  Orientation : the cross of the hock:

                            Dirtiness under the horizontal hock line: evaluating the feeding is paramount.


      OBSALIM-Cattle Feeding Cross of the hock horizontal



                            Dirtiness behind the vertical line: there are issues with space and room to rest.



      OBSALIM- Cattle feeding - Cross of the hock vertical




3/  Assess the rumen stabilityafter each meal or from one meal to another.


         OBSALIM- Cattle feeding - Efficiency of the rumen



4/ Look for other OBSALIM® symptoms: choose the three most pronounced symptoms from three different areas to make the diagnosis by calculating the totals for the values of the correlating criterions.

OBSALIM- Cattle feeding - Zones of observation for feeding symptoms.

 Then you can use the set of cards and make your diagnosis by adding up the value for each OBSALIM criterion (fE, gE, fP, gP, fF,sF, sR)


Use OBSALIM® and find out for yourself...




Following are the 61 feeding symptoms, that are described in the set of cards, and more precisely in the book. They are classified by the observing areas.



        For CATTLE


Choice and click :

 HairSkinCowpatsUrineEyeNoseFootFood intakeRuminationMilk ReproductionGeneralBehaviour and the Cross of the Hock


HAIR: Cards N° 1  to 6

HG area /  Hair crest /  Spinal chill / Hair in swirls / Lack of structure in the coat /  Blurred edges of markings   



 SKIN: Cards N°7 to 10

Yelowish-brown coloration / Absence of yellow / Greasy skin / Dry skin


COWPATS:  Cards N°11 to 21

soft cowpats / liquid / with fragments of mucus / elastic / bubbling / changing / with short fibres 

with fibres of more than 2cm / with cereal grains and fibres / evacuation lying down / during milking




 URINE: Cards N° 22 to 24

                         Transparent urine / Yellow urine / Changing urine


EYE: Cards N° 25 to 30

Black crusts on the inside corner of the eye /  Yellow crystals on the inside corner of the eye

Pale eye /  Red eye

Protruding third eyelid / Swelling of the eyelids




NOSE: Cards N° 31 to 34

Redness of the nose / Discharges from the nose / Nose stained / Pale nose



Nez pale


FOOT:  Cards N° 35 to 37

Haematoma / Redness of the claw skin fold / Ulcers on the sole / Hard sole



FOOD INTAKE: Cards N° 39 to 42

Total time spent eating, less than 5 hrs / Irregular food intake / Food intake during rumination



RUMINATION: Cards N° 43 to 45

Less than 75% of the animals lyins down during the rumination phase at the beginning of the afternoon

Less than 40 chews movements during one rumination phase / More than 60 chews movements during one rumination phase


moins de 75% couchésmoins de 40 coups de machoire



MILK: Cards N° 46 to 49

End of milking, takes too long / Slow preparation for milking / Large gap fat-prot / Small gap fat-prot



REPRODUCTION:  Cards N° 50 to 52

Absence of cycling (with or without anoestrus) / Poor fertility /



 GENERAL : Cards N° 53 to 57


Thin animals, loss of weight / Spine prominent / distended flank, persistent / Congestive or elimination disease


BEHAVIOUR: Cards N°58 and 59

               Animals excited / Animals very slow




CROSS OF THE HOCK: Cards N° 60 and 61

animals are durty under the line / animals are dury behind the line


croix du grasset infcroix du grasset arrière


 method  /  4 steps of the method / For CATTLE For GOATS




 For SHEEP : the cards


Some of the symptoms are the same, and some more specifics are the following:


BEHAVIOUR: Cards N° 57 to 59

Excitement / Disturbed cudding / Slowness


Excitement disturbed cudding



animals are dirty under the hip cross 


cross of the hip


DROPPINGS : Cards N° 18 to 32

Sticking, soft / Shapeless / Increased size droppings / Changeable / Hard droppings / Mucus 

Short fibres / Long fibres / grains in the droppings, without or with fibres / Lying down / during milking

Big heaps of droppings / Dark / Brown droppings


stickingShapelesstaille augmentée


EYE : Cards N° 36 to 40

Black crusts / Yellow crustals / Eye pale / Redness


black crusts yellow crystalseye pale


FEEDING: Card N° 48

Selective or refusal


FEET: Cards N° 45 to 47

Redness / Horizontal lines or break / Repulsive smell of the claw


redness feet


GENERAL : Cards N° 51 to 56

Heterogeneous flock / Animals with hanging neck / General weakness / Weight loss / Congestive pathologies


hétérogèneHanging necktiredness


HOUSING: Cards N° 60

Irritating smell


MILK: Cards N° 49 and 50

Cold teats / Week lambs


Weak lamb


NOSE : Cards N° 41 to 44

Pink / Pale / Discharge / Stains of food


SKIN: Cards N° 11 to 17

Oozing deposits, inguinal / Absenc of yellow / Black deposits, inguinal / Parasites

Yellowish-brown coloration / Yellow deposits / Dry skin 


oozing depositsyellowish colorationdry


WOOL-FLEECE:  Cards N° 1 to 10


pHG area / Black ends of wool / Greasy fleece / Wet fleece / Open fleece / Dry fleece

Yellow brown deposits in the middle of the strands of wool / Wool breaking / Curled wool / Hair loss


phgToison grassedépots à mi brin


 method  /  4 steps of the method / For CATTLE /



For GOATS : the cards



Most of the symptoms are the same, and some more specifics are the following:


BEHAVIOUR: Card N° 57 and 58

The goats are aggressive.


Agressive disturbed cudding slowness



animals are dirty under the hip cross


 Dirty under


DROPPINGS: Cards N° 12 to 26

Wet droppings


shapeless hard long fibres


EYE : Cards N° 30 to 34

Black crusts / Yellow crustals / Eye pale / Redness


black crusts yellow crystals eye pale


FEET: Shuffling during miking


GENERAL: Cards 49 to 56

Heterogeneous herd of goats /  Spine prominent /  Homogeneous herd, heavy / Homogeneous herd, thin

Tiredness / Congestion or Elimination pathologies


heterogeneous hanging neck spine proeminent



HAIR:  Cards N°1 to 5

pHG Area / Hair crest on flank / Siny coat / Dull coat / Lack of structure


pHG Area shiny coat lack of structure


MILK: Cards N° 44 to 48

Inversion of values / Red udder / Weak kids / Soft curd 


NOSE : Cards N° 35 to 37

Redness / Discharge / Dirty with food


RUMINATION: Cards N° 42 and 43

Teeth grinding during rumination / Frothing during rumination


teeth grinding frothing


SKIN : Cards N° 6 to 12

Yellow coloration/ yellow deposits / greasy skin / Dry skin


Yellow coloration yellow deposits greasy skin


URINE : Cards N° 33 to 35

Transparent / Yellow / Changing


 method  /  4 steps of the method / For CATTLE / For SHEEP


11 Grande Rue


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